Accuracy in Media

Which of the following are statements by Vladimir Putin, his Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov or other Kremlin spokesmen, and which are by Western media, academics, politicians and commentators: “Ukraine and Russia share deep historical and cultural roots,” “Russia traces its 1,000 year history to its beginnings in Kiev,” “Ukraine is really ‘Little Russia,’” “the Russian Orthodox Church originated in Kiev,” “thousand years of Russian Christianity,” “Ukraine is a part of Russia,” “Russia and Ukraine are not separate countries,” “Russia is a thousand-year-old state,” “Kievan Russia was the beginning of the modern Russia,” and “Ukrainians and Russians are brotherly nations?”

There is no distinction between who said any of the above. Each statement has been repeated, for a century in the United States and longer by the Kremlin. Such remarkable unanimity reflects either recognition of the same historical record, or the recognition of the same historical mythology. If the latter, how and why in American academe and politics is that mythology declared with such certitude by those who should know better, thereby facilitating a historical hologram?

The question, and answer, are central to conceptualizing not just an informed American “response,” but a policy, addressing Russia’s drive to completely suborn—and possibly annex—Ukraine, thereby directly and materially affecting American security and foreign policy interests.

What is Ukraine?

On the periphery of most peoples’ awareness, Ukraine is the largest country in Europe by territory, located in the geographic center of the European subcontinent. It is the land, wrote English historian Norman Davies, through which most peoples passed on their way to settle the rest of Europe, and to become the nations and countries that we know today.

In the Middle Ages, the Kyivan Rus’ (not Kyivan “Russia”—more below) Imperial Dynasty was the largest political entity in Europe. Following Kyiv’s adoption of Christianity from Byzantium, the precursor of modern Ukraine became a powerhouse of intellectual discourse, religion, and cultural life.  In its size, grandeur and advancement of education (mandatory for women), in its equal rights for women, in the arts and the sciences, Kyiv eclipsed other European cities such as Paris and London. European kings and the English monarchy married into the Kyivan Dynasty. Among them, King Henry I of France married Princess Anna of Kyiv; she signed her name to the marriage document, he used an “X.” The Gospel she brought from Kyiv was used in the coronation of French kings for centuries. The French historian Levesques wrote about the marriage, quoting Bishop Gautier Saveraux who was King Henry’s envoy to Kyiv: “This land is more unified, happier, stronger and more civilized than France itself.” The trident was the official state insignia of Kyivan Rus,’ stamped on its coins, and continued as the national symbol of modern Ukraine through the intervening 1,000 years (the significance of this appears below).

“Russia” at that time did not exist, and had as its antecedents Finno-Ugric tribes that separately evolved into scattered principalities in the north that rejected Kyiv’s dominion. Most telling was their sacking and rejection of Kyiv in 1169 that was not matched until the city’s destruction by the Mongol Horde a hundred years later. The Kyivan Rus’ Empire collapsed with the latter onslaught, but in the process shielded the rest of Europe from the same fate.

The Kyivan center of power refused Mongol domination and relocated to the western part of the realm. However, the territories on its northern periphery, now Russia, reconciled themselves to Mongol rule and collaborated intimately with it. For almost half a millennium thereafter, the two existed in separate religious, cultural and political worlds. The imperial core and its northerly possessions went their separate, entirely opposite ways.

For 400 years, “Moscovy” (and then a newly constituted “Russia”) expanded its own burgeoning empire at the rate of 50 square miles per day. Ukraine was eventually conquered and occupied. Its religious and cultural treasures were pillaged and ensconced in Russian museums, to be marketed to a breathless, star-dazed world as Russia’s own. The parallel would have been England, France, Germany, Spain, or Israel (all territories of the Roman Empire) later building their own empire, conquering Italy, carting off to their museums Italian (and, previously, ancient Roman) treasures and cultural works, and then simply producing them as examples of English, French, Germany, Spanish or Israeli (take your pick) cultural achievements. In exchange, Italians would be anointed as “Little Englishmen,” “Little Frenchmen,” and the like. Under such a contorted construct, this would then serve as the kind of “common history” between England, France, Germany, Spain, Israel, etc., on the one hand, and today’s Italy on the other, that today is affirmed with such sophomoric abandon vis a vis Ukraine and Russia.

In 1608, a Ukrainian, Ivan Bohdan, helped John Smith found Jamestown, the first English settlement in the New World. A few years earlier, Smith was fighting the Turks, was captured but then escaped and was given refuge in Ukraine. Later in the 17th century, Ukrainian Kozaks were pivotal to breaking the Turkish siege of Vienna, thereby halting the Ottoman Empire’s advance into Europe. In 1710, Ukraine offered the world a constitution that established a democratically ordered system of checks and balances among three branches of government, drawing on principles of natural law. This was 77 years before the adoption of the U.S. Constitution incorporating the same principles.

Ukraine’s Struggle

After WWI, Ukraine declared independence from the Russian Empire, and warned the West about Moscow’s threat to all it held dear, to no avail. No humanitarian aid, no surplus blankets or medicines from what for the rest of Europe and the U.S. was a recently completed war. Ukraine fought, alone, against four invaders, as Europe and the U.S. looked on. Kyiv changed hands 14 times in two years.

There was no room for Ukraine in Woodrow Wilson’s “Fourteen Points.’’ (Point Six, dealing with “Russia,” was prepared in consultation with Russia’s U.S. Ambassador Bakhmetieff.)  Instead Ukraine was quartered, with the lion’s share reserved for Moscow. Reconquered by now a Communist Russia, Ukraine was pivotal to the formation of the reconstituted Russian Empire, now the “Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.” Ukraine served as the economic and industrial locomotive, the agricultural cornucopia, and the geopolitical linchpin of that “union.”

In the process, Ukraine was savaged by mass murder, war crimes, recreational torture, atrocities, arson, rapacious plunder, kidnapping, massacres, homicidal russification, experimental assassinations, ethnocide, pillage, rape, ethnic cleansing, mass executions, death ships, murder quotas, stupefying terror, thought crime, and man-made starvation killing countless millions of innocents in 1932-33, in what Ukrainians call the “Holodomor.” On May 31, 1933, Gradenigo, the Italian consul in the Ukrainian city of Kharkiv during the height of the man-made famine, reported to the Royal Italian Embassy in Moscow his discussion with a senior OGPU secret police officer who advised that 10-15 million starvation murders were required to tame, in the OGPU’s words, Ukraine’s “ethnographic material.” Not a nation. Not people. Not human beings. Just “ethnographic material.” Hitler’s term was untermenchen.

Reporting further, Gradenigo said the government strived to ensure that “Russians would constitute the majority of the population” in certain regions of Ukraine, and thus assure that potential political difficulties would be removed. The Italian consul concluded: “However monstrous and incredible such a plan might appear, it should nevertheless be regarded as authentic and well underway…The current disaster will bring about a predominantly Russian colonization of Ukraine. It will transform its ethnographic character. In a future time, perhaps very soon, one will no longer be able to speak of a Ukraine, or a Ukrainian people, and thus not even of a Ukrainian problem, because Ukraine will become a de facto Russian region.” It is the offal of that tectonic ethnic cleansing that underlies the “split” in Ukraine, mouthed with such obliviousness as to its cause.

The murder rate was 25,000 civilians a day, or some 20% of Ukraine’s population. By comparison, the U.S. suffered 297 military deaths per day during WWII, accounting for 0.3% of its population.

Moscow was ecstatic: “We have annihilated the nationalist counter-revolution during the past year we have exposed and destroyed nationalist deviationalism…1933 was the year of the overthrow of the Ukrainian nationalist counterrevolution.” More: “Acknowledging the great amount of work put…into the fight against Ukrainian nationalist and other counter-revolutionary elements, work which has not ceased and which shall not cease, we must say that of course we gave the nationalists a beating, a good one, as the saying goes, we hit the spot.” Is this the “common history” between the Kremlin and Kyiv that today the media and others put forth as underpinning Russia’s claims to Ukraine?

Shockingly, as the Holodomor was interring its millions, on November 16, 1933, the United States extended diplomatic recognition to Stalin, granting him his most coveted prize, and in the eyes of the world legitimizing and abetting his tyranny. Speaking in New York on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the Holodomor, Rafael Lemkin, author and father of the UN Genocide Convention, condemned Russia’s ongoing genocide in Ukraine as reaching beyond the “mere” extermination of beings, and targeting the erasure of the nation’s very ethos, its culture and core sense of identity and very existence. Nine years after the Holodomor, Nazi Germany turned on its joint-venture partner, Stalin, as 3,200,000 German, Hungarian, Rumanian, Italian, Finnish, Spanish and Slovakian troops invaded the USSR, with Ukraine as simultaneously the prize and the crucible. (By comparison, on D Day, the Allies’ invasion of Normandy involved 132,000 troops.)

Russia itself was barely touched by the invasion. However, the entirety of Ukraine, Belarus and the Baltic nations were overrun. Ukrainians defied Hitler to his face, declaring independence upon its invasion by the Nazis. The consequences were predictable. Ukraine was one of the few countries in all of Nazi occupied Europe to be ruled directly from Berlin, as it had no puppet government as did Quisling’s Norway or Petain’s Vichy France, nor did it have a fascist party like those not only in Norway and Hungary, but also the tiny countries of Holland, Belgium and Denmark.

The Saturday Evening Post’s Edgar Snow wrote: “The whole titanic struggle, which some are so apt to dismiss as ‘the Russian glory,’ was first of all a Ukrainian war. No single European country suffered deeper wounds to its cities, its industry and its humanity.” Ukraine lost more than nine million of its population, the greatest human loss of any country in WWII, wrote English historian Norman Davies; more losses than the combined military losses of the United States, the British Commonwealth, Canada, France, Germany, Japan and Italy. This was even more horrific than the comparison suggests, since more than half of Ukraine’s losses were civilians. An additional more than two million Ukrainians were deported as slave laborers to Germany.

Toward the end and after WWII, U.S. and British troops, in an unholy alliance with Stalin’s NKVD, hunted down Holodomor survivors in Europe, forcibly returning them to Stalin. “Without regard to their personal wishes and by force if necessary” was the repatriation order of January 4, 1946, of the Headquarters, U.S. Armed Forces, European Theatre. Having survived two tyrants, the Ukrainians found themselves the prey of a country they had worshipped. Preceded by countless suicides among the refugees, untold numbers that were captured and returned, then murdered outright or in the GULAG by Moscow. In the meantime, in reoccupied Ukraine, after battling first the Nazis the Ukrainian underground fought reinvading Soviet interior security forces numbering more troops than the U.S. fielded in Vietnam, many armed and equipped by the U.S.

The hopeless struggle continued into the 1950s, with the sabotage by the Ukrainian resistance of Soviet troop transports carrying Soviet troops to crush the Hungarian uprising in 1956. In 1986, without a say about the placement of nuclear energy facilities or any control over their design, construction or operation, Ukraine suffered the Chernobyl explosion—one hundred times the radiation of Hiroshima and Nagasaki combined—that has deformed the genetic makeup of its victims. Forever.

In the face of U.S. opposition, in 1991, Ukraine declared its independence from Moscow, with over 90% public ratification. Predictably, but weeks later the USSR disintegrated, and the U.S. ironically declared victory. The Cold War was “over,” we were told. Upon gaining its independence, Ukraine became the third largest nuclear power in the world but, induced by assurances from Great Britain, the U.S.—and Russia!—concerning its sovereignty and territorial integrity, surrendered its arsenal. This was a phenomenon never to be repeated. Nor are those assurances today honored.

“…and Why Didn’t I Know That?”

The origin of perceptions about Ukraine and Russia that are repeated like a litany in equal measure by Russia and the U.S., and the question and answer above, are pivotal to assessing the situation in Ukraine today and Russia’s relentless dezinformatsia. Whether articulated or not, these concepts have become so embedded in Western thinking that they lead to the notion that Ukraine is not a nation separate from Russia, that somehow the two are the same (that they share a “common history”), that Ukraine simply splintered off from the larger Russia and is off on a frolic of its own, that it is not a “regular” country such as Poland, France or Italy, and therefore that it is not a full-fledged subject of international law, discourse or relations.

Has anyone thought to ask how it is that Kyiv, hyped with such vigor as the “beginning of the Russian state,” is and always was the capital of Ukraine, whereas the capital of Russia was, at different times, either St. Petersburg or Moscow? If Kyivan Rus’ was the beginning of “Russia,” where and when was the beginning of Ukraine? The trident, for example, was never appropriated by Russia as its own (a rare oversight), but has continued uninterrupted for a thousand years as the national symbol of Ukraine. Anyone who mentioned or displayed it during the Soviet era was sentenced to death.

Worse than being embedded in any actual thought process, the distortions embedded in the suggestions of a “common history” between the two nations—or worse, the larcenous history of Kyivan Rus’ that Moscow shrills over—have also embedded themselves into the general consciousness. That makes them infinitely more pernicious. The unavoidable consequence is that the distortions necessarily subsume any Moscow assertion that it has “some” claim, any claim, to Ukraine, that it has “legitimate interests” in it. Absorb that imagery, and what otherwise would be judged as the bald Russian aggression that it is, flows more palatably—indeed, inexorably—in its wake.

In 1935, English journalist Lancelot Lawton clarified the matter in the House of Commons, saying:

“The deliberate policy of Russia was to avoid and discourage mention of Ukraine abroad. From the Middle Ages down to the eighteenth century Ukraine figured largely in European literature. But after the first half of the nineteenth century the West was made to forget that there was or had been such a nation…That so little has been heard of it is not surprising, for suppression of the Ukrainian nationality has been persistently accompanied by obliteration of the very word Ukraine, and concealment of the very existence of Ukrainians.”

Why this would be so can be gathered from the accounts of Europeans and other travelers and scholars at the time and earlier, who drew a sharp distinction between Ukraine and the lands to the north, which only in the 18th century coalesced as “Russia,” but also then known as “Moscovy”

The famous Arab scholar, Paul of Aleppo, visited the two countries and wrote:

“Although a stranger I felt myself at home in Ukraine. But in Muscovy my heart felt heavy, for wherever I went no one was even a little free…Those who want to shorten their life by fifteen years must go to the land of Muscovy. In Ukraine I found joy in life, freedom and civilization.  The Ukrainians are learned. They like science and study the law. They know rhetoric, logic and philosophy. Practically all the inhabitants can read and write. Their wives and daughters know the liturgy and religious singing. And their children, even orphans, learn to read and write.”

Charles Louis Lesure, another Frenchman, wrote: “The Ukrainians are more magnanimous, more sincere, more polite and hospitable, more industrious than the Russians. They offer a living proof of the superiority which civil liberty gives to men over people born in slavery.”

Tasked with creating a respectable pedigree for the Tsarist Empire, Russian historians such as Nikolai Karamzin Sergei Solov’ev leapfrogged more than half a millennium to the Kyivan Rus’ Empire to rewrite Russia’s own origins as a nation and a state. For the Russian Tsars, it offered a convenient link between the prior “Two Romes” and their hallucinations of Russia now as the “Third Rome.” Never mind that this required a 180-degree reversal of historical chronology and logical sequencing that has no parallel anywhere in world history. This coincided with the pronouncement in 1870 by Russian Interior Minister Dmitriy Tolstoy (the writer’s brother): “The ultimate goal in the education of the non-Russians must be their Russification and assimilation within the Russian nation.” Shortly afterward, Fyodor Dostoyevsky wrote: “All people should become Russian and Russian above all else, because the Russian national idea is universal.” The idea of “Ukraine” as “Little Russia” was birthed. And “brotherhood” was achieved—but only where the first-born became the younger sibling.

Russian Disinformation

Moscow invented a time machine that not only went back in time, but actually reversed the chronology and course of history. First became last, last became first. It’s the most massive, longest-lasting example of Russian dezinformatsia. Thus, we are assured by Dmitry Shlapentokh, writing for the WorldSecurityNetwork.com, that Ukrainians simply seek “to minimize Ukraine’s debt to Russian history and culture.”

Nowhere in world history has such revisionism been attempted, much less become “fact” without question or inquiry. Virtual reality was exported to the United States where it became the bedrock of Russian studies, established largely by émigré Russian scholars in such pivotal universities as Harvard, Yale and Columbia. From there, the mythology of the apostles of Russian imperialism enveloped the entirety of American thinking and commentary about “Russia.”

In fact, a miniscule part of present day Russia was embraced by the Kyivan Rus’ Empire, as were territories elsewhere, such as present day Belarus and the Baltic. For today’s Russia, however, a thousand years later, to claim dominion and seniority over the imperial center, Kyiv, and the nation that it remains the capital of, is bizarre. Applying the same logic, because Ukraine drew heavily on present day Greece for its religion and even its alphabet, then today’s Greeks are simply unaware Ukrainians, and Athens is “really” a Ukrainian city. And today’s Romanians, as part of the ancient Roman Empire, have a claim to present day Rome, and today’s Italians are really “Little Romanians.” As discussed earlier, the same could be said of any of the countries—Spain, Germany, France, Italy, Israel—that were part of the Roman Empire.

Extending the example, the United States should, with a straight face, claim its origins to be London, and that Englishmen are Americans’ younger brothers. Mexico, Peru and Cuba can lay claim to Madrid, and Indonesia and Aruba can justify laying claim to Holland, adopting tulips and windmills as their own. Yet even that is less a perversion of logic and history than a Ukraine=Russia equation, since, unlike English or Spanish migration to the New World, there was no migration from the fertile lands of Ukraine to Russia in the north.

As if reversing the flow of history was not enough, Russia played the word game. If credibility is to be given to a seeming “Rus’”/“Russia” parallel and the seduction of nomenclature, what conclusions are then to be drawn from “Brittany” the northwest province of France, and Great Britain? Are Englishmen now really French? Or is it the opposite? The Franks were the largest Germanic tribe, but today’s German term for France is “Frankreich.” Does that entitle Germany to invade France and liberate Paris? Or maybe the opposite would be justified, with the French claiming their origins lie in Berlin?

The French province of Normandy was settled by the Normans (“Vikings”), and two generations later William the Conquerer invaded England, and English history officially began. Are Englishmen therefore French, or the other way around? Or perhaps that transforms today’s Danes, Norwegians, and Swedes into Englishmen? Or is that also the other way around? For that matter, the Kyivan Rus’ Dynasty was significantly forged by Vikings traveling south from Scandinavia. Are Swedes, Norwegians, and Danes, consequently and necessarily, really “younger brothers” to the Ukrainians? Furthermore, if “Rus’” really means “Russia,” then are Anglo-Saxons “really” half African and half German—since the term “Anglo” is derived from Angola in Africa, and “Saxon” from the German state of Saxony? That is the irreducible conclusion if you accept the historical revisionism of Putin or Sergei Lavrov, or of generations of other Russian imperialists.

Each of these examples leads to an utterly and irredeemably inane result. Yet the predicate model institutionalized by the Kremlin has been accepted with myopic, monosynaptic conviction by all. The theft of another country’s history and its essential disappearance has ensconced a larcenous litany. It has been fully absorbed, nurtured and then repeated with breathless conviction by all Western institutions, from elementary schools and Ivy universities, to CNN and FOX News, and to Congress and the White House.

Fortunately, at least one American scholar has recently stopped spinning the phantasmagoria. Harvard’s Edward Keenan wrote that for centuries in what was known as Moscovy “in sacred and secular buildings, in the naming and dedication of the churches, in the inscriptions and the chronicle account of the construction—there [was] not so much as a hint or allusion to the Kievan legacy…a total absence of any reference to Kievan symbolism or nomenclatures…the absence of reminiscences of Kiev. These people were not even thinking of Kiev. Another striking and unnoticed manifestation of this discontinuity or historical amnesia is to be found in the naming practices of Moscovite courtiers…what is astonishing against the background of received wisdom about this culture, is the absence of specifically Kievan names.” Tatar names adopted by Russians were more popular than those of the Kyivan era.

Yet former National Security Adviser and Secretary of State, and acknowledged “Russian expert,” Condoleezza Rice persists, writing in her memoirs: “[F]or Russia, losing Ukraine was like the United States losing Texas or California. But that doesn’t begin to capture it; it would be like losing the original thirteen colonies.” (With Rice as his expert, what response could President Bush possibly have given to Putin who solemnly and assuredly intoned that Ukrainians are not even a nation?) Rice’s analogy powers a life support system for the perverted catechism of the Russian Tsar’s alchemists qua historians Karamzin et al: a respectable genealogy for Russian despotism by simple diktat as the legatee of the ancient Kyivan Rus’ Imperial Dynasty, in the process usurping Ukraine’s own etiology. And simultaneously vaporizing it as a nation.

“It constitutes one of the major political deceptions of history,” declared Lancelot Lawton. Moscow was able “to create the illusion that a nation still vigorously living had never been born or alternatively that if born it had centuries ago perished.” In his Travels to Russia, French writer Marquis de Custine quotes a Russian civil servant proclaiming proudly: “Russia lies, denies the facts, makes war on the evidence, and wins!”




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Comments

  • Ulysses Noman

    Angola?? Angles, not Africans – http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/24769/Angle
    ‘Anglo-Saxon’ is German-German.

  • Andrew R

    You’re reading the sarcasm literally. The author uses “Anglo” and “Angola” to underscore the absurdity of claiming that two words that share similar letters/sound alike must mean that one is derived from the other. In this case, “Rus” and “Russia.”

  • tOST

    Very nice article!

  • Spend

    This is true history!

  • No RNC

    The 1st casualty of impending war is always the truth….I wonder where is the truth in this article??? The Western Ukaine operation was fomented by the US/EU Bolshevik Bankers & NWO IMFluckers & even included a NATO operation Gladios to murder demonstrators and police…fess up NeoCons U are enemies of freedom and peace!

  • Nikolai

    Proud to be Ukrainian

  • Michael Dillon

    It was nice to learn that the siege of Leningrad, the battle of Moscow and the epic battle of Stalingrad were merely minor skirmishes that had little impact on Russia itself. Sounds like something a Ukrainian might write. Oh, wait…

  • Olesya

    I’m Ukrainian and I absolutely do not condone what is going on in my country right now and Russia’s role in it. The facts in this article seem right for the most part; but not the conclusions.
    One important distinction I’d like to point out is that Kievan Rus’ was not Ukraine. The learned and educated citizens of the ancient civilization were not Ukrainians or Russians.
    Kievan Rus’ was the origin for both Russian and Ukraine as nations, both of our cultures and languages, etc developed out of that heritage; and it’s not blasphemy for Russia to claim their origins from Kievan Rus’
    Kiev happens to be the capital of Ukraine today, just like Rome happens to be capital of Italy. It doesn’t mean that Kievan Rus’ was Ukraine, or that Italy was the Roman Empire.
    Russia lies, yes. So does America. So do all the governments that vie for political influence and power. But don’t manipulate facts to fit your point of view. Russia and Ukraine are and always have been close culturally and closely tied politically and economically. They are also very close ethnically. I have a lot of family members and friends who have family members of both nationalities. The hostility between us is often exaggerated.
    On another note, don’t equate the Soviet government to Russian government. They are not one and the same.

  • hey

    Here is the thing. Yes, there are a lot of ties between ukrainians and russians, due to the fact that a huge part of modern russia is populated by people of slavic decent who originated from ukraine/kyivan rus and who call themselves russian. Said but true, these people are ashamed to call themselves ukrainians, because its just not cool. its always been like that in russia. and abroad, in the 90s we, ukrainians, were considered as russians. i know, imperial ignorance spreads like decease, but hey, things are changing, the world is starting to see the truth. only if russians stopped watching their zombi box…

  • Huh?

    This is a red herring! The anti-corruption anti-Russian colonialism movement there is REAL. Just because they receive funding does not legitimatize it. I’m sure you would take money from the devil himself if it would help your cause.

  • Petro

    It’s a must read article, especially by those “experts” on Ukraine who grew up on Soviet propaganda and today participate in various panels spreading soviet/russian falsehood about Ukraine.

  • Olesya

    That’s the point I was trying to make. Russians are not Ukrainians, and Ukrainians aren’t Russians.
    We came from the same roots. The fact the Kievan civilization originated on current Ukrainian territory does NOT make it Ukraine. Both Russian and Ukrainian people descended from the same roots. It is the struggles and occupations and the rest of history, that made us a nation we are today. Years of intermixing with tatars and poles and russians, etc. always fighting to preserve our culture and our heritage. That is what makes us Ukrainian. And not that we lived in the same geographic location as the previously great Kievan Rus’.

  • dwdkc

    Nothing you are saying is really being disputed, however the point is that the Putin regime like the Soviet regimes before it, and czarist even before that, are or were trying to write the legitimate Ukrainian nationality out of the record. It was cultural (and many times, literal) genocide. The current dispute must be seen in that context and the crime must not be abetted.

  • dwdkc

    Love your post, No RNC, I gather you are the leftist useful idiot the Soviets always found so handy. And you probably like to declaim on the ignorance of Fox News watchers. Sheesh

  • Olesya

    I agree with the general message. I just think that going on to say that Russian culture and heritage came out of Ukraine or is insignificant in and of itself is taking it too far. And antagonizing us as two nations based on the actions of Putin’s government is a bad idea.
    Just like when Yanokovich came to power and the Ukrainian people did not support him, the Russian people do not support Putin either. Nothing anyone can really do about it.

  • dwdkc

    I think (or hope) the distinction is remembered between the regimes as opposed to the nations. Putin is to be opposed. Russians are to be treated with respect (I feel bad they’re stuck with Putin as it is).

  • JJ

    thank you!

  • terry1956

    Could it be that both spin their history stories a bit?
    Well I said both but the same pretty much applies to most all nations and power seekers.
    Listen to the reports on the history of Northern Ireland from the English of the Anglian Church,the Irish Catholics and the Ulster Scot Protestants and usually each will tell a different story.
    Move on to Tennessee and listen to the different stories of my Ulster Scot ancestors, my English ancestors and my Cherokee ancestors about the history of East Tennessee.

  • terry1956

    good point just because America got help from the French government in America’s separation from Britain did not mean we wanted to become a part of France.

  • Richard Hellstrom

    The so-called ‘invasion force’ has been there for 15 years already.
    Russia’s 25,000-troop allowance & other facts you may not know about Crimea – March 2014 at rt.com
    Moscow annually writes off $97.75 million of Kiev’s debt for the right to use Ukrainian waters and radio frequencies, and to compensate for the Black Sea Fleet’s environmental impact.
    5) The Russian navy is allowed up to
    – 25,000 troops,
    – 24 artillery systems with a caliber smaller than 100 mm,
    – 132 armored vehicles, and
    – 22 military planes, on Crimean territory.

  • Stephen

    This is a terrific update for those who know very little.

  • Lillianna

    No, you are mistaken. Kievan-Rus is Exclusively Ukrainian. Current day Russians are descendants of Moskovy – Moskovites, who are of asian-mongolian blood. In ancient times, Ukrainians were known throughout the world as the People of Rus, Rusyny. Ukrainians and No Other people are direct bloodline and territorial inhabitants of ancient Rus which was referred later as Kievan-Rus in the 8th Century named after Kniaz Kiy for whom Kyiv was named as well as the kingdom from whence it grew in size, power, wealth and European trade and diplomacy.
    Moskovy was developed in the 13th Century. There is No Correlation of ancient history, land or bloodline whatsoever. When Tsar Peter I of Moskovy wanted to modernize and expand his empire, he sent troops and invaded into Kievan-Rus-Ukraine. Now seizing the land’s resources and cheap labour force (by enslaving a nation) he needed also to legitimize his empire with a rich history, religion and culture. So, in the 17th Century, Tsar Peter I of Moskovy officially changed the name of his country to Rosia. After visiting and courting the West, he then invited diplomats to show of the new Rosia. He also made the political and strategic move to state that he was Tsar of All the Rusyns and that Rosia was modern Rus: he LIED! The West diplomats naive to any lsnguage twists took for granted that Rosia was in fact Rus from the ancient texts and maps and so from the 17th Century, the greatest lie was woven into believable propaganda; propaganda that Putin uses today.

  • stephan

    wrong. It is called invasion force for a reason. russians beat and kidnap journalists and activists in Crimea daily. All Ukrainian channels, without exception are blocked and Russian TV channels air instead on the entire peninsula of Crimea. Ukrainian military in Crimea is being raided and disarmed, beaten and officers often kidnapped. Ukrainian navy had to either flee Crimea in order to avoid shooting russians or were sealed off by russian soldiers, who are waiting for a good moment to capture those few ships that were left. The number of russian troops is already above 35,000. Please check your facts

  • Ivan Illyushchenko

    Wait…you’re saying this as if $97.75 million is a great achievement…for a country like russia, it is the equivalent of giving a homeless person 25 cents after he washed my windscreen at a red light…

  • Ostap

    Yeah only this guy knows the history, believe him lol!
    This is pure propaganda.

  • Paul

    Novogorod, Yaroslavl, Suzdal, Ryazan, Rostov, Vladimir, Tver, Smolensk, Murom, etc. are all cities of Kievian Rus, which are found in today’s Russia. So limiting the history of Russia to that of Muscovy is WRONG at the outset. It would be like saying that the history of Germany is limited to the history of Prussia or of Saxony. Kievian Rus was not a centralised state as we understand it today. It was a loose feudal union of principalities, as it was commonly seen in Europe (Germany’s and Italy’s histories being good examples). The rulers of Muscovy up until Ivan the Terrible were from the Rurik dynasty (the following dynasty, i.e. Romanovs, were related to the Rurik dynasty through the maternal line), the same dynasty which ruled over ALL principalities of Rus. As a matter of fact, Muscovy was founded by a Kievian ruler and many rulers of Muscovy had also been rulers of Kiev. Also, the rulers Rus principalities would sometime fight against each other in their quest for power, in the same way as Spartans and Athenians would fight in ancient Greece. Kievian Rus is NOT Ukraine. Kievian Rus is a medieval feudal state from which 3 modern states can trace their origins: Ukraine, Belarus and Russia.

  • Paul

    Who said you should not be proud of being Ukrainian? But as long as people define the Ukrainian cultural identity in opposition to the Russian cultural identity, the issue of Ukrainian identity will always remain a source of problem. Ukrainians are Ukrainians, period! No matter how similar or different they are from the Russians. It’s like those who argue that borscht is a Ukrainian soup; borscht is eaten in Poland and in Russia as well. Civilizations and nations do not evolve hermetically…

  • Paul

    Victor (the author) is a lawyer, not a historian…

  • Roxolana

    Both Russian and Ukrainian people ARE NOT from the same roots! It is proven even by DNA results.

  • Naomi Tricomi

    Those of us who are fortunate enough to have Ukrainian heritage should all be proud!

  • Jon Ross

    Well written!

  • pandada

    Kievian Rus is more related to Muscovy (and Russia) than to Ukraine.

    Ukraine was “ruthenian” part of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The elite of that land were Cossacks – the bunch of outlaws from Poland and Russia. There is no connection between Cossacs and Kievian Rus.

    Russia is Rus, but in greek, because of “third Rome” claims. But people are still “russkiye”.

    Kievian Rus was a small part of Ukraine (without Wild Fields, Crimea), whole Belarus, Moldova and big part of European Russia. Moscow reunited Rus except “Ukraine” and “Belarus” which were under Jagiellon empire. “Ukraine” means ‘borderland’. Belarus was under Lithuania, Ukraine under Poland.

  • pandada

    “Russia” was Rus in greek.

  • Ian MacEwan

    Must be why Putin called the collapse of the Soviet Union a “disaster.”

  • Ian MacEwan

    Until Russians stop stealing from Ukraine, there will be problems, yes.

  • Mary

    Excellent article. Thank you!

  • George

    This article should be translated to Russian then broadcast via leaflet drop over all of Ukraine, especially south and east… then maybe some sense will come to the Pro-Russians living in Ukraine.

  • Nester

    Ok. I like it.

    For all of you who thinks this article is groundless read about author. I am sure he subject more on the subject than all of us combined.

    God bless Ukraine and its people.

  • Hutzi

    Pandada appears to have a problem with history, geography, logic and chronology (not to mention grammar and syntax). However, by alluding to unrelated and irrelevant events of the 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th and 18 th centuries in four short paragraphs, he or she has managed to baffle any and all readers, and can thus be considered a worthy propagator of Muscovy’s centuries-old tradition of misinformation.

  • hewaup

    Anglo- in Anglo-Saxon comes from the Germanic Angles tribe who along with the Saxons invaded Britain. This was long before anyone in Europe had ever heard the word Angola.

  • Andrew R

    You’re reading the sarcasm literally. The author uses “Anglo” and “Angola” to underscore the absurdity of claiming that two words that share similar letters/sound alike must mean that one is derived from the other. In this case, “Rus” and “Russia.”

  • ??????? ????????
  • mkjaks

    Here in Canada, I eat Thai food but that IN NO WAY aligns my culture to Thailand or robs me of my true cultural heritage — ESTONIAN. What robbed me of my country was the Russian invasion of 1944. Russians in Estonia who then occupied my country are welcome to become Estonian by adopting our language and way of life, which is non-aggressive.

    Hey, I just ate sauerkraut last night…that must make me German, right? Or dim sum…and so all the Chinese of the world and I have something in common?

    We Estonians have MUCH more in common with the Ukraine and Poland than Russians, no matter what kind of soup we eat.

  • Dossse

    Well.. there is small mistake in map.. Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia are NATO members..

  • caap02

    yes, and they are allowed by treaty to have those 25000 troops, 24 artillery systems etc etc etc in designated places (Sevastopol and a few other bases), NOT spread all over Crimea. Think of it this way: the US has a lease on Guantanamo. They have the right to be there. But is US troops spilled out of Guantanamo into every corner of Cube and were patrolling the streets of Havana, then, yes, that would be a US military invasion.

  • bubba2020

    But France was hoping they could supplant England as the major influence here if they could have.
    Not that my point is directly relevant to this interesting discussion, just saying.

  • Erik

    In 2008 Russia invaded into Georgia and occupided its territories 20%, now Putin has took over Crimiea, Russia is changing Europe’s map and no one can stop him, this is a reality

  • Yuliya

    It is true, Poles have borshch in their quisine, and actually they call it “barszcz ukrainski” or Ukrainian Borshch…as well as they have varenyky (in ukrainian) and they call them “pierogi ruskie”, and note the word “ruskie” not from Russia but from Rus, Kievan Rus… The meals`names talk for themselves…

  • Yuliya

    The author of the article never denied what you are claiming here… what we should note is that Moskovia took a very separate way through years of its development …. Kievan Rus and Moskovia grew very much apart after the mongolo-tatar invasion

  • Paul

    Muskovy and Kiev grew very much apart after the mongolo-tatar invasion, because the rising Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth took advantage of Kiev’s decline to absorb Kiev, Halych and other pricipalities roughly situated west of the Dniepr. But Kiev also grew appart from the Novgorod Republic, the principality of Smolensk and many other Rus princialities. The author wants us to conclude that Ukraine = Kievian Rus, which is wrong. Kievian Rus, as an entity, does not exist anymore and Kiev does not hold a patent over Kievian Rus. The Ukrainian historian Orest Subtelny makes it clear in his analysis that the Ukrainian nation was in a situation of statelessness as from the the mongolo-tatar invasion. As a matter of fact, Russia until 1917 was the only state that could make a claim of uninterupted political continuity from a Kievian Rus pricipality, with its rulers related to the Rurikid dynasty… The author’s answer to Russian chauvinism is Ukrainian chavinism…

  • Paul

    While Estonians speak a finno-ugric language, Russian speak an eastern slavic language, just like the Ukrainians. No matter how much you hate Russia and Russians, you have to give to ceasar what belongs to cesar. And the reson why Russian eat borscht is because it is a meal that was common to most slavic nations, not because Russian stole it!

  • Lok

    drivel 😀

  • Lok

    it not true story 😀 it is nonsense by Ukrainian author Victor Rud

  • George

    Russia: I would like to slaughter my “little brother”.

  • Mykola Potytorsky

    anything on rt.com is crap

  • Mykola Potytorsky

    check this out

  • Anti Putin

    Paul you are an Putin KGB troll . You go to all people troll them!!! go home stalin ! you got no job as teacher so you find your self an job as troll for KGB Putin . And use your real Russian name. We are tired of Russian pretending they are Europeans or american defendin the glory of Russia

  • Anti Putin

    My God . You Are Syrian , Russian or Iran . But True Communist in your soul .Your speech is like an Robot . Bla bla bla KGB Speech! The Western , The Nato , the EU/US Bankers the Neo Cons (Nazis) You just forgot to include the name “Zionist” . Rutheless brainwash propaganda .

  • Richard Hellstrom

    I have no idea but it did sound like Russia had been in the area for awhile and was relieving some debt in exchange for the political base – I understand why they would want their independence and am opposed to communism also – Putin and the US aren’t really much different in policies – they both maintain hardline communist programs and dictate the social order but who doesn’t – Any country that says it’s not running programs of psychological and electronic warfare is an out right liar. We do have a better economy and are also to blame for Russia’s economy on many bases.

  • Michael Derrer

    Accuracy in media? First get the map right – you forgot the Baltic countries as NATO members.

  • gala

    America, all of RUSSIA is
    watching and listening to the LIES and peretiranie facts of your government!!
    DISGUSTING!!! And this is America!
    And THIS is Democracy!!! SHAME!!!

  • Excellent. I did my own covering some of the ground in response to a BBC journalist, http://www.ukrainians.org.uk/Rus_was_not_Russia.pdf but this is a diamond of an article.

  • ??????

    Russian trolls coming to illogically contradict everything in sight in 3..2..1..

  • ??????

    Moskovia allied and used the Golden Horde to destroy the Rus. They have been doing just that ever since. This is a huge cover up – but not as hard to believe ever since we see that EVERY SINGLE PIECE OF RUSSIAN HISTORY was either a total lie or rewritten to their benefit.

    Fun fact, the term “Ukraine” was used hundreds of years ago to prevent The people were still called Ruthinians. It got more popular just so other countries would stop confusing with Rossiya.

    Russia making a claim at the Rus is as ridiculous as the USA or Australia claiming the UK.

    Russians severely mixed with other North European, East European and Asian tribes. You can tell half of Russians living in the largest cities that they are Russian, not Ukrainian, just by looking. Outside of large cities, the people mostly speak their native languages.

    A great example would be Tartatia – an Asian people and Asian land in total domination by Slavs.

    Russia cannot have uninterrupted political continuity since they were A) the ones to destroy the Rus by working along side the Golden Horde and B) are located in the marshes of far far away. C) they are only partly slavic now, just look at the genetic distribution maps! D) they seek to destroy Ukraine and repopulate it with their own people, as they have been doing. In 1929 by USSR statistics Ukraine had 1/4th more land than it does now and 81 million people. 10 million perished by genocide, millions perished by war, and then half of the red army at Berlin were Ukrainians. Germans even noted that the red army soldiers were not speaking Russian – only their commanders were..

    The Russian language has deteriorated to a great extent – there are dozens if not hundreds of examples of how it changed from a Slavic language in incorporate aka steal Asian and Western European workds.

    Let me rephrase what I said before. It would be as ridiculous as USA making their only official language punjabi and claiming they own the UK.

    Yes, although these facts are beefed up, they are very true. With half of Ukrainians killed within the last 100 years, a mere 45 million voices cannot simply whisper to counter 143 million Russian shoutings.

    The enemy has flipped our flag, erased history, wrote false history based on crazed speculation, killed millions, doesn’t want to make peace, keeps killing our people, posed over 320 language bans, culture bans. NO MORE! GO HOME RUSSIANS!

    We will not forget that St. Petersburg was built by UKRAINIAN SLAVES. We even built you your home on a marshland for you. Just go there and do what ever you want just stop KILLING out people!

  • ??????

    Russians barely speak a slavic language anymore. Look at HALF of their words. Take the months of the year – they are JUST like in ENGLISH! Mart – March, Mai – May, Iun – June, etc! Paysage – peisage.. There are whole lists with these words to prove my point.

    Just because Chinese eat pizza that doest mean Pizza came from China! Chinese also DO NOT CLAIM THAT PIZZA IS THAIR TRADITIONAL FOOD. RUSSIAN CLAIMS THAT BORSCHT IS!

    Funny, because only 30 years ago in all of their literature and movuies they specified “Ukrainian Borscht” every single time! Did the dish become Russian within 30 years? No. Did they eat it earlier? Yes, but they borrowed it! They have their own version of the soup, which is called something else, looks ENTIRELY different.

    The rockets that got people into space were Ukrainian, yet they don’t give credit. The posets and singers that get bought out to be starts in Russia are mostly Ukrainian. The olympic athletes, the poets, the movie makers, the factories, the history, the culture – all borrowed, mixed, renamed, kept quiet and then some time later it’s apperently RUSSIAN? Come on!

    The larger portion of traditional Russian culture and ornaments is virtually identical to the GOLDEN HORDE. Just look at some photo examples and comparisons.

    Ukrainian culture, language, facial looks, traditions are much closer to Poles, Belorus.. by many times.. than to Russians!

    And get your fact’s straight – Russians hate Ukrainians, have, and do, they have made dozens of systematic attempts to destroy Ukrainians – and they are STILL doing them. Millions of their population goes on the street and YELLS out that they hate Ukrainians and want us to burn.

    Unlike Russians, Ukrainians don’t hate Russians. They simply hate their hate towards them. Unlike Russians, Ukrainians don’t wish to destroy Russia. They simply wish “good luck and get off my land”.

    I will not tolerate any sympathy for a 800 year old murdered bully that is continuing to destroy Ukraine, along with dozens of other nations.

  • ??????

    Yes! All Russian literature and films also stated “Ukrainian Borsht” until a few decades ago.

    Russian = Rossiyan
    Ukranian/Ruthinian = Rusky

    The whole reason the term Ukraine and Ukrainian were born is to stop the west from confusing Rus with Rossiya. (In translation, “a scattered something”)

  • ??????

    Well all ties between the Ukrainians (Ruthinians, Rus) and Russians (Rossiyanns) are cut when Russia (Moskovia) alligned and worked with with the golden horde and became the reason for the fall of the Rus.

  • ??????

    The term Kyvian Rus was invented by Russians.
    There was just RUS. There was no need to specify which one, because there is one. There is no “other one” to this day. Yet it’s little changes like these, and the flipping upslide down of the Ukrainian flag that makes false uncertainty and reason to speculate.

    Shame on Russians.

  • ??????

    Ukraine wasn’t the little brother neither in age, size or number of people. After many genosides, betreyals and devastating recent wars, in 1929 the USSR population stats say there were still 81 million Ukrainians in Ukraine. That number decreased by 10 million in one year, then another dozen million UNTIL the second world war.

    Then Russians repopulated the empty Ukrainian houses by bringing train loads of ethnic Russians. WHich needed Russian newspapers, Russian schools. (and over 300 bans on Ukrainian culture). If Putin is successful he will grad balf of Ukraine and 400 years from now people like me will try to convince others that Ukraine was actually twice as big way back in 2013 =)

    Also the land in 1929 was 1/4th larger than it is now.
    If someone doubts the legitimacy of land ownership, look at the ethnic groups who lived there for the last hundreds of years. |

    Crimea was of course neither Ukrainian nor Russian. Russian soldiers with equal help from Kozaks took over Crimea. It belongs to Tatars.

  • ??????

    Russia = Rossiya.
    Ukraine, Ruthinians = Rus.

    The term little russia and Kyvian Rus were invented by Russians to make it seem like there was another Rus somewhere, bu tthere isnt one now and wasnt one historically.

    The term Ukraine does not mean borderland – thats Russian propaganda. Russians say they colonized mars, would you beleive them?!

    The term Ukraine was used for hundreds of years to help the west distinguish Rus from Rossiya.

    In fact, Rossyia means “to scatter” while Ukraine means “inland, main chunk of land”

    Also the Russian coat of arms is the SAME as the one of the golden horde, just like 1/3 of their language, ornaments…. The Ukrainian one, the trident, is the same as of Atlantis.

  • George Zukiwskyj

    Herein lies the truth Lok – what you have been taught is a story, what Mr Rud has scribed is history. 1000 years ago Moscow was a muddy field and Kyiv was a cosmopolitan city.

  • George Zukiwskyj

    What opposition? Why should Ukraine have to “share” her history with Russia? Why is Russia not content to have her own history without incorporating Ukraine into it? It appears that Russia has a huge ego and very little self-esteem otherwise why does Russia so fear Ukraine de-russifying? If Russians are so proud to be Russian why do they not go and live in Russia and leave Ukraine to the Ukrainians?

  • George Zukiwskyj

    Paul, Ukrainians have their own language – it is Ukrainian. Russians have their own language – it is Russian. They are both slavic languages – I understand Ukrainian but I do not understand Russian. German and Dutch are germanic languages – I understand German but I do not understand Dutch.

    Irrespective of what he may believe, Vladimir Putin Caesar’s face is not tattooed on every Ukrainian’s arse therefore he has no claim on Ukraine, her people or her sovereignty. And I hardly think that you can justify Russian propaganda by misquoting Jesus Christ

  • George Zukiwskyj

    “Moscow annually writes off $97.75 million of Kiev’s debt…” I think perhaps you mean, “The Russian government pays Ukraine $97.75 million for the rights to ….”

    Russia doesn’t do favours!

  • George Zukiwskyj

    I think you are a troll! Italy is not the Roman Empire but Rome is situated in Italy. Ukraine is not Kyivan Rus but Kyiv is situated in Ukraine – not Russia. The Moskali (Muskovites) were never part of Kyivan Rus – they were barbaric conspirators complicit in its destruction!

  • George Zukiwskyj

    You are either russified-ignorant or still a troll!

  • George Zukiwskyj

    Nothing anyone can really do about it? Under threat, kidnapping, torture and death the Ukrainian people, mostly unarmed, came in the tens of thousands – (heroes every single one of them), and they stood up against corruption and forced a greedy abuser from his golden perch. Pro-russian, ethnic Russians bearing Ukrainian citizenship are treacherous, unethical, mercenary, alcohol-fuelled cowards, who according to you Olesya, consciously enable Putin because they don’t think they can do anything about it!!??? They should all go and be “helpless” in Russia.

  • George Zukiwskyj

    Kyivan Rus is a Scandinavian term, not a Russian one.

  • George Zukiwskyj

    A trolling dill is what you are No RNC

  • George Zukiwskyj

    I suggest you give up the drugs you take or the vodka or both

  • Richard Hellstrom

    Yeah – Russia just kind of owns them and used it as leverage – 97 million dollars is a lot of money – Their going to want something in return –

  • bramhall bill

    Yes! This is brilliant. Thanks Lilliana.

  • DmitryAS

    You know, Kyev was a Rus, Vladimir was Rus, Suzdal, Novgorod and Rostoc etc were Rus too. Not Russia in modern sense of a word, but not Ukraine either. Such “history” like this of mr Rud anyone can write in his/her spare time. Like, say, modern Egyptians are something to do with Pharaons.

  • antirussism

    Of all atrocities done by moskoviya (now russia) for centuries, Ukraine
    prevailed – it is impossible to break the spirit of free people. Ukraine
    will prevail some little man putler as well, and bring many good things to the
    World. moskoviya, on the other hand, with its unnatural existence will
    parish to become many small Eurasian states. History has shown that slaves don’t exist
    long – moskoviya, is a plantation of slaves which will eventually be overrun.

  • antirussism

    in the very same way
    the first one ended.. no
    daught..

  • antirussism

    it should be leafed over moskovia, maybe some sense will come to the
    enslaved population there.

  • Ruski

    What have Ugro-finns had to do with the people escaping the Golden Orde by running to the north from Kiev and the West? By re-writing history in this article you just have achieved more – desinformazia! Russians are the same as Ukrainians, they are slavs. Ukraine means -near the border- of Russian Empire. Kozacks were not Ukrainian, they were and still serve as the military tribe protecting the peace – at the border – between Russia and Poland, there was no Ukraine. There was the Kievan Rus, the motherland of all Russians and current Ukrainians and Belorussians. Holodomor was a horrible time in the region of what is now Ukraine, but you kept forgetting to mention the hunger that affected the entire Russia at the same time due to war. Just sad how history gets twisted by ultranationalists and the SOROS company from New York who gladly supplied textbooks with re-written history to young Ukrainians, Latvians, Lithuanians, Estonias, etc. Just to create a new enemy – Russia. Get a life!!!!

  • Ruski

    Thank you Paul!!! You are right, Ukraine is not Kievan Rus. Kievan Rus was and is left in the past, but its descendants are Ukrainians, Belorussians and Russians, and even some in Moldova.

  • Ruski

    Glad Paul was wordy enough to stand up to wiz of re-writing history of Kievan Rus. No wonder Rud serves at the board of governors of Ukranian American association, great financial benefits in re-writing history. Never thought it would become a job! Mr. Rud destroyed the slav in himself and people like him keep on contributing to the crisis in ex-flourishing Ukraine. Shame!

  • Kathy

    The names of months are not borrowed. They all come from Latin, you genius. They are actually very similar in ALL the European languages. Face the fact that both countries share their origin. unfortunately the history tore the two apart. Both cultures are beautiful though very different NOW. What happened during the Soviet period is a whooooole different story. The Russians themselves suffered from the Bolvshevik government a lot. keep that in mind, please.

  • Kathy

    But hey, don’t you think that abroad they mistake Ukrainians for Russians and vice versa just because they don’t really care about who both are? I mean especially in West they were making ( and still make) a very little difference just because they are naturally prejudiced, know little and just don’t care. That’s my opinion. No one of them really cares or has a particular interest.

  • A. B. Kuzma

    Bravo, Mr. Rud! Finally someone to set the record straight. The so-called “brotherly” relations between Russia and Ukraine are very reminiscent of the brotherhood between Cain and Abel, except that in this case, it is the younger “Big Brother” with murderous intent.

  • george peter

    Your’e going to have to come up with a little more than that to back up your “theory” if you want us to believe you compulsively lying Russians.

  • george peter

    The current Russian atrocity is called Putinomor.

  • Anna Yaroslava

    Everything about this article is just so fucking beautiful and spot on, I just can’t even.

  • Anna Yaroslava

    *slow claps* Bless you, good sir.

  • Michael

    Amazing article, very informative thanks!

  • AbdullahtheButcher

    “who are of asian-mongolian blood”

    If you’re referring to the Finno-Ugric tribes, most experts believe they likely originated in Europe, i.e. they’re European as well. Also, there were a number of Slavic tribes which lived in modern Russian territory even before Kievan Rus came into being. Even hear of the Slovenes, Krivichi, Vyatichi, Severiany, Radmichi?

  • AbdullahtheButcher

    Muscovy originated in Vladimir-Suzdal, a part of the Kievan Rus empire. Following Kiev’s reduction in power, VS was one of the centers of power in the former KR empire, alongside Galicia-Volhynia, and Novgorod.

  • guest

    Russia has real soldiers on their border and no gay pride marches in their army… imagine that!

  • guest

    ISIS = Khazar = Kiev junta = Jewish IMF coup

  • guest

    Die jüdischen Bankiers sind überschwemmen Europa mit Muslimen und Amerika mit Dritte-Welt-Papierkorb… Der Schwulen, der Muslimen und der Juden, alle antichrist.?.. Satanismus ist eine jüdische Kult… Ich bin der Vojvode von Siebenbürgen… Heil Hitler!

  • guest

    Ich bin der Orden des Drachen, Vojvode von Siebenbürgen, arbeit macht frei, liegen jude…

  • Roman

    i am astounded that in the course of these 100-plus comments, it occurred to no-one to table this very pertinent essay by Ukrainian historian Yaroslav Dashkevych, PhD.

    http://euromaidanpr.com/2014/05/14/how-moscow-hijacked-the-history-of-kyivan-rus/#more-8788

    “The tsars of Moscow and, later, Russia understood that without an imposing past it was impossible to create a great nation and empire. Therefore it was necessary to glorify their historical roots and even to hijack the history of other nations. So, starting with Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584) the tsars of Moscow applied all their efforts to appropriate the history of Kyivan Rus, its glorious past, and to create an official mythology for the Russian Empire”

    All the action goes downhill from there and continues to this day. Check it out. The article by Mr. Rud is most informative and sorely needed.

  • Helen

    The author is supposed to be a well-paid shameless liar

  • D.O.G.

    Yankee drowned Europe in blood

  • D.O.G.

    Russia was only affected by invasion – Vityok, don’t try to copy history, Russia of 5756 thousand people, Ukraine 1377 thousand people of losses in World War II. It has to be a shame to you to write such words

  • D.O.G.

    Hi CIA
    Victor Rud
    Ridgewood, New Jersey
    Phone: 201-906-3254
    Email vrud@uaba.org

  • D.O.G.

    ??????? ???, ???????????, ????? ?????????????!

  • Lesya Ukrainka

    Kudos to Mr. Victor Rud! Amazingly wonderful article!